Capital Punishment Production Project


The goal for this project was to come up with a game concept idea for a game of school. This game of school would be intended to give to incoming freshman to help them learn more about Capital High School. The game concept that I came up with was called Capital Punishment and you can hear more about it in the pitch below. The goal of the pitch was to use the six tools for how to present with power and poise. These tools involved different ways to use your voice to keep the audience interested in what we had to say.

21st Century Skills

  • Learning and Innovation
    • Creativity and Innovation
      • Brainstormed ideas on different game concepts.
  • Information, Media and Technology skills
    • Information Literacy
      • Accessed information efficiently and effectively.
      • This is evident because my project was completed on time and I conducted research on my game about classes, fight moves, and other games to base it off of .
  • Life and Career Skills
    • Initiative and Self Direction
      • I worked alone on this project which shows self direction.

Practice Video


Seniors React

Brook Chen’s evaluation: I believed that Zach did a good job of getting his point across when it came to his pitch. I really loved the concept he had for the game, “Capital Punishment”. I really think the idea of a high school simulation was a brilliant one and that it has the potential to motivate high school students to push themselves harder when it comes to their high school studies. However, I also noticed that Zach was somewhat quiet when presenting his pitch. I believe that he could have done a better job of projecting his voice more effectively by speaking in a louder voice. I also think that his presentation could be made better if he projected more confidence in his tone while presenting as well. He seemed somewhat nervous and used some filler words while he was presenting his pitch. But overall, I think that he did a good job of presenting his concept and the idea he had for the project itself was a pretty good one. The game he pitched for is a game that I would like to play. To summon up, Zach had a good concept for this project and did a good job of clearly explaining his idea in a concise and clear manner; however, I believe that he can improve his pitch further by speaking in a louder voice, using less filler words, and projecting more confidence.

Evaluation of Final Version

I used three principles from the SUCCESs method on presenting. The principles evident are simple, concrete and credible. It was simple because I gave the basics of the game instead of rambling on about the details of the game. It was concrete because I listed specific elements that would be present in the game. It was credible because I have spent 180 in class learning about the mechanics of game design.

What I Learned

I learned how important the brainstorming process is. When I first started this project I thought I knew what my idea was going  to be but after the brainstorming process I realized the idea I started out with wasn’t very good. This process not only helped me come up with more ideas but also better ideas. It also showed me that the first idea isn’t always the best idea.


ADR Project


Film Before Visual ADR

Film After Visual ADR

ADR Process

Audio ADR Preparation

ADR Terms

  • ADR = audio dialogue replacement
  • Post-Synchronization = most of audio is recorded in post production
  • Looping- how people replace dialogue
  • Partial ADR = match mic, placement, and environmental reverb
  • Visual ADR = actor lip syncing
  • Audio ADR = actor matches the sound of original audio

Audio Post-production Terms

  • Voice overs= off screen announcements and narrations that are scripted and recorded separately
  • Always match the mic that you used in production

What I Learned and Problems I Solved

My Final

For my Final in my IB Film class I created a VoiceThread presentation to highlight my three favorite projects that I have done throughout the year. The three projects highlight are my silent film, ADR and Making of a Champion. All of these films posed different challenges for me but I feel they helped me improve my knowledge of film and helped me become a better filmmaker.

How to Present with Power and Poise

Great presentations have many ingredients from the structure of the visuals to the delivery. But what makes it all work from voice, eye contact, word choice, to body language, the visuals used, etc? Let’s take a look at the act of successfully presenting or pitching an idea to reveal these ingredients.



  • TED: Body Language by Amy Cuddy
    • Presentation Transcript
    • We are influenced by our non verbals
    • Non verbals for power and dominance
      • Expanding
      • Close up when we feel powerless
    • when someone is exerting power the other person becomes submissive
    • Fake it til you become it
    • non verbals govern how others think and feel about us
    • same thing for ourselves
    • Being in a powerful pose for two minutes can increase testosterone and reduce cortisol in the body
    • Being in a submissive pose for two minutes causes the opposite effects
    • bodies can change minds
    • minds can change behavior
    • behavior can change outcomes
  • NPR: How A Position Of Power Can Change Your Voice
  • TED: How to speak so that people want to listen by Julian Treasure
    • Presentation Transcript
    • gossip, judging,negativity, complaining, excuses, lying and dogmatism
    • H- Honesty
    • A-Authenticity
    • I- Integrity
    • L- Love
    • Register- associate depth with power
    • Timbre- voices that are smooth are more pleasing
    • Prosody-sing song, monotone
    • Pace- slow to emphasize, speed up for intensity
    • Pitch- can change meaning
    • Volume
    • Warm up your voice
  • 11 Things To NEVER Say In A Presentation
    • The Presentation
    • No excuses
    • No demanding
    • Let people process information
    • Audience doesn’t care if its short, is it worth their time
    • Take median age and double that for the font size
    • Keep text to a minimum
  • Garr Reynolds Brain Rules for Presenters


  • Create a simple visually stimulating presentation
  • Practice in front of an audience, stuffed animals, parents, friends, anyone who will listen
  • Record a video of yourself and analyze it


  • Google Presentation
  • PowerPoint
  • Apple Keynote
  • VoiceThread (you can upload, narrate the slides on this site, and then embed the presentation into an online portfolio or blog)
  • YouTube

Creative Thinkers and Writer Block

Fail faster

  • don’t get married to an idea
  • get prototype up and running so that it can fail as soon as possible
  • every project fails eventually, the sooner it happens the more time to fix issues
  •  generate as many ideas as possible

Writers Block

  • look at problems in different ways
  • make thoughts visible
  • Produce
  • make novel combinations
  • Force relationships
  • think metaphorically
  • prepare themselves for chance

Types of writers block

  • Cant come up with an idea
    • just write words (stream of conscientiousness)
    • any writing exercises
  • A lot of ideas, cant commit
    • keep producing
  • Have an outline but are missing one piece
    • take a tangent/detour
  • Inner Critic
    • don’t listen to it until revision stage


Film Sound Design – Ambient Sound, Library Sound and Foley


In this project we went around the school and recorded anything that we thought we could use on my phone, we then went to the computer and got all the sounds into garage band after a few steps. After using all the sounds that we recorded from our walk we plan to then go into the sound room to record any additional foley that we need to complete the sound for the earthquake scene.

Film Before Foley and Sound Effects

Film After Foley and Sound Effects


Foley Process

Our teams foley process was largely based around being creative and walking through different areas of the school looking for any sound that could have any chance of making it into the video to play over the earthquake scene.

Sound Library

  • 1. we have paper on the desk to sound like steam
  • 2. We have pencils clicking to sound like the loose gravel
  • 3.We have me flicking a pepsi can to sound like the popping electrical wires
  • We have ping pong paddles clicking to sound like bags falling
  • we have the plexi glass rumbling to sound like the earth rumbling
  • We have two metal pieces to sound like the car hitches clanking
  • we have me talking to replace the kid’s talking
  • we have finger nails scraping rails to be the tracks and train wheels screeching
  • we have foot steps for when the people leave the train car
  • We have feet moving through the leaves for wind
  • we have clacking books for the tracks clacking/ phone lines falling down

Audio Signal Chain Terms

  • Single system-audio fed directly into camera
  • Double system- separately recording audio, better audio quality
  • Sampling rate-measure in kHz, 11kHz-interenet audio, 44.1-cd, 48-digital video
  • Bit Depth-how many different values each wave can have
  • compressed audio throws away a lot of information
  • 96kHz, 24bit uncompressed
  • Preamp-boost signal of microphone so it can be recorded
  • Line Level
  • want to avoid clipping, 0DBFS is set to clipping point
  • Impedance- a measure of the devices resistance to AC current- Z
  • LowZ less than 600, HighZ is 10,000
  • Sound dissipates so put mic as close as you can to subject
  • Proximity effect- boost in base frequency
  • Boom mic or lav mic

Foley and Sound Effects Terms


What I Learned and Problems I Solved

Sound is half the picture

The Arrival of Multiplexes and Asian Mainstream

1970s and Onwards: Innovation in Popular Culture – Around the World.

  • Best of Mainstream films did new things
  • Kung fu movies hit mainstream
  • The Kingdom and the Beauty (1959) dir. Li Han-hsiang
    • Highly colored, studio set, musical
    • feminine
  • A Touch of Zen (1971) dir. King Hu
    • wider screen, more aggressive and faster
    • choreographed fights
    • introduction of kung fu
    • transcendentalism
    • influenced many asian directors
  • Enter the Dragon (1973) dir. Robert Clouse
    • Bruce lee’s fighting had more rage
    • part of shift to masculinity
    • camera stayed out of the fight
    • fighting was fast and furious while camera was not
    • camera should be still, let actors be athletes
  • A Better Tomorrow (1986) dir. John Woo
    • Hong kong triads
    • filmed shooting scenes with several cameras
    • non linear editing style
  • Iron Monkey (1993) dir. Yuen Woo-ping
    • Spun characters in the air
  • The Matrix (1999) dir. Andy Wachowski & Lana Wachowski
    • Yuen choreographed fight scenes
    • fast cutting, kung  fu and gravity fighting
  • Once Upon a Time in China (1991) dir. Tsui Hark
    • Hark is steven Spielberg of hong kong
  • New Dragon Gate Inn (1992) dir. Raymond Lee
    • Hark produced this film
  • Mughal-e-Azam (1960) dir. K. Asif
    • Mainstream india grew in innovativeness
  • Devi (1960) (introduced in Episode 6) dir. Satyajit Ray
  • Mausam (1975) dir. Gulzar
    • Child actor from Devi grown up in this film
    • Older character looks down on his younger self
  • Zanjeer (1973) dir. Prakash Mehra
    • lots of close ups
  • Sholay (1975) dir. Ramesh Sippy
    • Colossus of 70’s film
    • greatest Bollywood film of its time
    • looks like a western
    • “Indian cinema gives poetic justice in three hours”
  • The Message: The Story of Islam (1976) (aka Mohammad, Messenger of God) dir. Moustapha Akkad
    • in some ways its a conventional biblical epic
    • never show who Mohammad is because Islam doesn’t allow the depiction of Mohammad
    • Made two versions of the film, one arabic and one english
    • did this because film styles are so different
  • The Making of an Epic: Mohammad, Messenger of God (1976) dir. Geoffrey Helman & Christopher Penfold
  • The Sparrow (1972) dir. Youssef Chahine
    • captures moment of Nasser saying Egypt lost to Israel in six days war
    • forsaw overthrow of Egyptian leader from office
  • The Exorcist (1973) dir. William Friedkin
    • “want see” film era
    • films that people wanted to see
    • blockbuster era
  • A Guy Named Joe (1943) dir. Victor Fleming
    • influenced Spielberg
    • pilot watches woman he loves fall in love with another man
    • pilot was killed in war
  • Jaws (1975) dir. Steven Spielberg
    • Three very different characters
  • The Making of Steven Spielberg’s Jaws (1995) dir. Laurent Bouzereau
  • Vertigo (1958) (introduced in Episode 4) dir. Alfred Hitchcock
    • dolly in and zoom out, influenced jaws
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) dir. Steven Spielberg
    • shows awe and revelation scene
    • classic Spielberg
  • Jurassic Park (1993) dir. Steven Spielberg
    • similar awe and revelation scene
  • Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. George Lucas
    • used models for spaceships
    • Robots based on two funny characters in Hidden Fortress
    • borrowed a lot from Kurosawa
  • The Hidden Fortress (1958) dir. Akira Kurosawa
  • Triumph of the Will (1935) (aka Triumph des Willens) (introduced in Episode 4) dir. Leni Riefenstahl

Movies to Change the World

1969-1979: Radical Directors in the 70s – Make State of the Nation Movies.

  • Fox and His Friends (1975) (aka Faustrecht der Freiheit) dir. Rainer Werner Fassbinder
    • Most prolific of german directors
  • All That Heaven Allows (1955) (introduced in Episode 6) dir. Douglas Sirk
  • Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (1974) (aka Angst essen Seele auf) dir. Rainer Werner Fassbinder
    • Took previous movie and made it darker
    • Tracking shot to show prejudice of women’s family
  • The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (1972) (aka Die Bitteren Tränen der Petra von Kant) dir. Rainer Werner Fassbinder
    • Has actors move slowly as if they’re haunted
  • All About Eve (1950) dir. Joseph L. Mankiewicz
    • Two women trying to control each other, influenced fassbinder
  • Alice in the Cities (1974) (aka Alice in den Städten) dir. Wim Wenders
    • Wenders films about men in open space
    • Intrigued by america itself
    • Telescope shot
  • An Affair to Remember (1957) dir. Leo McCarey
    • carey grant met a women on empire state building, influenced wenders
  • Gods of the Plague (1970) (aka Götter der Pest) dir. Rainer Werner Fassbinder
    • Margarethe von Trotta acted in it
  • The Second Awakening of Christa Klages (1978) (aka Das zweite Erwachen der Christa Klages) dir. Margarethe von Trotta
    • Anticlimactic robbery scene
    • Uses close ups, and direct camera angles, shows equality between women
  • Burden of Dreams (1982) dir. Les Blank
    • Documentary camera, very far back
  • Arabian Nights (1974) (aka Il fiore delle mille e una notte) dir. Pier Paolo Pasolini
    • Italy had become commercialized
    • Pasolini murdered by male prostitute
  • The Spider’s Stratagem (1970) (aka Strategia del ragno) dir. Bernardo Bertolucci
    • Was Pasolini’s assistant
    • Lots of tracking right
    • about fascism and identity
  • The Conformist (1970) (aka Il conformista) dir. Bernardo Bertolucci
    • Also about fascism and identity
    • leaves blowing in the wind
    • Visual beauty seen as to hollywood
  • Taxi Driver (1976) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. Martin Scorsese
    • scenes have derived from the conformist
    • Goes high and turns ugly event into beauty
  • Women in Love (1969) dir. Ken Russell
    • sexual identity is key theme
    • Horizontal cinema
  • Performance (1970) dir. Donald Cammell & Nicolas Roeg
    • Two mens faces dissolve into each otter
    • most imaginative shooting in story of film
    • greatest 70’s film about identity
  • Mean Streets (1973) (introduced in Episode 9) dir. Martin Scorsese
    • influenced by mirror scene in Performance
  • Persona (1966) (introduced in Episode 7) dir. Ingmar Bergman
    • influenced Performance
  • Walkabout (1971) dir. Nicolas Roeg
    • Wide angle lenses
    • about contrast between nature and city in Australia
    • Shedding clean cut self when se meets more vital human being
    • like chaz from performance
  • Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975) dir. Peter Weir
    • Films girls in slow motion to create sense of mystery before they disappear
  • My Brilliant Career (1979) dir. Gillian Armstrong
    • Sam Neil glamorized while girl isn’t
  • Minamata: The Victims and Their World (1971) dir. Noriaki Tsuchimoto
    • One of greatest documentaries every made
    • filmed over 17 years
    • Small 16mm camera allowed him to be at center of action
  • The Emperor’s Naked Army Marches On (1987) dir. Kazuo Hara
    • “Documentary masterpiece”
    • Japanese assertion
    • trying to find soldier
    • friend was probably eaten by commanders
    • truth buried in lies
  • Black Girl (1966) (aka La noire de…) (introduced in Episode 8) dir. Ousmane Sembène
    • bold start of african feature film making
  • Tarzan’s Secret Treasure (1941) dir. Richard Thorpe
  • La nouba des femmes du Mont Chenoua (1971) dir. Assia Djebar
    • looks at Algeria through feminist lense
  • Xala (1975) dir. Ousmane Sembène
    • getting rid of colonization in Senegal
    • wasn’t against religion and wanted a radical revolution in Africa
    • Created Third Cinema
  • Sinemaabi: A Dialogue with Djibril Diop Mambéty (1997) dir. Beti Ellerson Poulenc
  • Badou Boy (1970) dir. Djibril Diop Mambéty
    • Helped create african modernism
    • Abstract feel
  • Hyènes (1992) (aka Hyenas/Ramatou) dir. Djibril Diop Mambéty
    • Greed, celebrates joys of capitalism
    • Mambéty was very angry with capitalism
  • Kaddu Beykat (1975) (aka Lettre paysanne) dir. Safi Faye
    • Africa’s first important female director
  • Harvest: 3,000 Years (1976) (aka Mirt sost shi amit) dir. Haile Gerima
    • Story spans over 3,00 years
    • Low contrast back and white
    • long lense
  • Umut (1970) (aka Hope) dir. Yilmaz Güney & Serif Gören
    • Güney was most influential director in middle east
  • Yol (1982) dir. Yilmaz Güney & Serif Gören
    • Still life shots of village
    • Director broke out of jail to edit film
  • The Battle of Chile (1975/1977/1979) (aka La batalla de Chile) dir. Patricio Guzmán
    • Footage of coup of Chile
  • The Holy Mountain (1973) (aka La montaña sagrada) dir. Alejandro Jodorowsky
    • believed in zen Buddhism
    • self discovery

American Cinema of the 70’s

1967-1979: New American Cinema

3 separate types

  • Satirical
  • Dissident
    • loved to shoot about people
    • hated old styles
  • assimilationist
    • edgy, more thoughtful content
    • Almost al win characters were male
  • Duck Soup (1933) dir. Leo McCarey
    • Satirical
    • Marx brothers movie
  • Artists and Models (1955) dir. Frank Tashlin
    • Found consumerism vulgar
    • society is fake
    • Lots of color
    • in order for something to be funny, you need to think sad first
  • Catch 22 (1970) dir. Mike Nichols
    • Great satire
    • World is upside down
    • “We want you to like us”
    • many people thought it had an anti-American message
  • Mash (1970) dir. Robert Altman
    • Another war film like Catch 22
    • used masks on nurses which gave him more freedom for sound
    • Used zooms or long lenses
  • The Graduate (1967) dir. Mike Nichols
    • beer and boredom
    • showed lost generation
    • turned lights on and off for pacing
  • The Fireman’s Ball (1967) (introduced in Episode 8) dir. Miloš Forman
    • Documentary style
  • One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1975) dir. Miloš Forman
  • The Last Movie (1971) dir. Dennis Hopper
    • Dissident film
    • “making of” movie
    • hate letter to american film
  • McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971) dir. Robert Altman
    • Anti western
    • colors are muted, no contrast imagery
    • long lenses
    • no heroes
    • Visual uncertainty to match the 70’s uncertainty
  • The Conversation (1974) dir. Francis Ford Coppola
    • Coppola started as a dissident director
  • Mean Streets (1973) dir. Martin Scorsese
    • 4th 70’s dissident
    • fighting to open up the forum
    • Story of modern saint in gangster society
  • Taxi Driver (1976) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. Martin Scorsese
    • taxi in slow motion
    • emotional wisdom was in way mizoguchi didn’t show faces during emotional scenes
  • Chikamatsu Monogatari (1954) (introduced in Episode 3) dir. Kenji Mizoguchi
  • Raging Bull (1980) (introduced in Episode 5) dir. Martin Scorsese
    • self destructive man
    • shot documentary style
    • long lenses, flat lighting
    • during fight, there was fast cutting and tracking
  • Italianamerican (1974) dir. Martin Scorsese
    • documentary  about his parents
  • American Gigolo (1980) (introduced in Episode 7) dir. Paul Schrader
    • Schrader was a dissident to
    • 80’s red lighting
  • Light Sleeper (1992) dir. Paul Schrader
    • drug dealer floating through life
  • Pickpocket (1959) (introduced in Episode 7) dir. Robert Bresson
    • ending influenced Schrader’s American Gigolo and light sleeper
  • The Walker (2007) dir. Paul Schrader
    • similar to American Gigolo
  • The Birth of a Nation (1915) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. D. W. Griffith
    • famously racist
  • Killer of Sheep (1978) dir. Charles Burnett
    • One of greatest films of 70’s
    • from kids point of view
    • Black conciseness
    • About people
  • The Shop Around the Corner (1940) dir. Ernst Lubitsch
    • Jewish characters on the side of films not main characters
  • Annie Hall (1977) dir. Woody Allen
    • joke is New York Jewishness is foreign to everywhere except New York
  • City Lights (1931) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Charlie Chaplin
    • Annie hall is offspring of City Lights
  • Manhattan (1979) dir. Woody Allen
    • city symphony
    • wide shots
  • The Last Picture Show (1971) dir. Peter Bogdanovich
    • Mixed old and new
    • black and white
    • 16 second dissolve
  • The Wild Bunch (1969) dir. Sam Peckinpah
    • stretched Sergio Leone’s neo-realism in fight scene
  • Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973) dir. Sam Peckinpah
    • Garrett shoots himself in mirror
  • Badlands (1973) dir. Terrence Malick
    • characters so needed they were almost mentally ill
  • Days of Heaven (1978) dir. Terrence Malick
    • Great Natural lighting
    • Camera flows, was attached to cinematographers body
    • gave way to steady cams
    • To shoot locus films they dropped peanuts from a helicopter and had actors walk backwards then they reversed the footage.
  • The Mirror (1975) (introduced in Episode 8) dir. Andrei Tarkovsky
    • Wind is nature coming alive
  • Cabaret (1972) dir. Bob Fosse
    • mixed old and new
    • musical shot in close up, something that is not usually done.
  • The Godfather (1972) (introduced in Episode 6) dir. Francis Ford Coppola
    • Assimilationist film
    • Had it shot like a rembrandt painting
    • focus was shallow
    • Lit marlon brando from overhead, called north lighting, done so no one could clearly see his eyes
  • Chinatown (1974) dir. Roman Polanski
    • Style was old hollywood, almost film noir
    • Detective movie
    • Killer right in front of you but it takes whole movie to figure it out.
    • filmed with wide angles and bright lighting
  • The Maltese Falcon (1941) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. John Huston
    • Another detective movie, similar to that of Chinatown
  • Jules et Jim (1962) dir. François Truffaut


Making of a Champion Post-Production


For this phase I took a step back and let the editor and sound designer do their work for this phase. Since the filming was done all we needed to do was put the clips in place and edit them down to fit the time limit. I wanted to let the editor do his work but also make sure that the film still achieved its original vision. For the sound designer I let him find the music for our montage but I still had to approve it to see it it fit in with the feel of the movie.

Evidence of working with the Editor

This is our storyboard with notes from the editor about some of our transitions.

Changes between initial script and Final version

Our script started out as a short story which we then converted to a script. This was because we wanted to get the story written first and then add in the cinematic elements.

Discussions of reaction to the final cut

It didn’t include all of the scenes that I had hoped it would because we ran out of time in filming and going over the five minute mark, but I feel that it incorporated all of the artistic elements that I wanted it to have. The one discussion the editor and I had was about the quality of the video. While editing he noticed that our film so far was lower quality than he expected. This was probably a technical issue due to the fact that we did not have the best equipment to work with.

Evaluation of Film

This film succeeded in achieving the original vision we had for it. On on artistic level we were able to gain access to the props, setting and costumes that we wanted. On a technical level we were able to incorporate most of the cinematic storytelling elements that I wanted to from pre-production. These elements included directing the eye, and movement on the X and Y axis. This film also met expectations in terms of its genre. The original plan for the movie was a sports comedy and I feel that it met the criteria to fall in that category.

What I Learned

I learned that in the post production phase the director is more of a supervisor and not as hands on. Maybe its a preference but for this project I thought it would be better to let each person have control of their position and in the end each person did their part well. This whole process taught me that a director needs to spend a good amount of time and effort in each phase because no one knows the vision for the movie better than them.